Shu-Han 蜀漢 was one of three empires of China during the Three Kingdoms period. It competed against Wu and Wei in trying to control all of China. Following the founding of Wei, the empire of Shu was the second empire founded during the Three Kingdoms period when it was established by Liu Bei 劉備 in 221 A.D. It covered the south western part of China and lasted until 263 A.D., when it was conquered by Wei.
The state of Shu-Han is often referred to as simply "Shu", but historically Liu Bei named his state "Han". With the capital city being Chengdu in the commandery of Shu, the state became referred to as Shu-Han.
Liu Bei was not a very famous figure throughout China during the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the Campaign against Dong Zhuo being just a minor officer under the command of various warlords. Eventually Liu Bei was assigned a post in Xuzhou and became an officer under Tao Qian 陶謙.
After Tao Qian's defeat at the hands of Cao Cao 曹操, Liu Bei fled and eventually joined up with Lü Bu 呂布 at Xia Pi. Liu Bei left Lü Bu and joined up with Cao Cao at the Battle of Xia Pi where Lü Bu was eventually defeated. Liu Bei then headed north to Jingzhou, which was at that time under the control of Liu Biao 劉表. However, Cao Cao marched north and took over Jingzhou and much of the northern plains and became very powerful. Cao Cao feared Liu Bei might grow in power and decided he had to get rid of him. Liu Bei managed to escape Cao Cao at Chang Ban and headed towards the lands of Wu, to seek help from their ruler, Sun Quan 孫權. Together, the Wu forces manage to defeat Cao Cao at the decisive the Battle of Chibi.
As a token of gratitude to Liu Bei, Sun Quan allowed Liu Bei to take control of Jingzhou. Liu Bei used Jingzhou as a base until his strategist, Pang Tong 龐統, created a plan to defeat Liu Zhang 劉璋 and take over Yizhou. Liu Bei succeeds in taking Yizhou, at the cost of Pang Tong's life, declares Yizhou as the lands of Shu, and the Shu Kingdom was born. Later in the year 221 A.D. Liu Bei declared himself Emperor, and the Shu Kingdom was founded.
People of ShuEdit
|Liu Bei • Liu Shan|
|Advisors and Strategists|
|Jiang Wei • Pang Tong • Zhuge Liang|
|Guan Ping • Guan Yu • Huang Zhong • Jiang Wei • Liao Hua • Ma Chao • Wei Yan • Zhang Fei • Zhao Yun|
|Empress Zhang • Lady Huang • Lady Sun|